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What Is Invasive Pneumococcal Disease (IPD)?

IPD can potentially lead to serious illness for your baby

Invasive pneumococcal disease (in-vay-siv noo-mo-ca-cal disease), or IPD, is the name for a group of illnesses caused by pneumococcal bacteria. IPD can include:

An infection of the lining around the brain and spinal cord called pneumococcal meningitis
(noo-mo-ca-cal men-in-ghi-tis)
An infection of the blood called pneumococcal bacteremia
(noo-mo-ca-cal bak-tuh-ree-mee-uh)
Can pneumococcal bacteria potentially cause serious disease?
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Pneumococcal disease can range from mild to serious. About 2,000 cases of serious disease occur each year in children under 5 years old in the U.S.
IPD can potentially put your child’s life at risk in serious cases. Pneumococcal meningitis may lead to long-term effects including brain damage or even death.
Bacteria that cause IPD can enter your child’s body through the mouth, throat, or eyes.
How common was IPD before vaccines?
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Before pneumococcal conjugate vaccines for IPD were available for young children in 2000, there were 17,000 cases of IPD and 200 deaths per year in children under 5 years old. The first pneumococcal conjugate vaccine was made by Pfizer.

IPD can spread through cough or close contact, and children under 2 years old are at increased risk

Among children, babies under 2 years old are at highest risk of developing IPD from pneumococcal bacterial infection.

Pneumococcal bacteria are spread by close contact through coughing or touching an object with bacteria on it.

What can increase your baby's risk?
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If your little one is in day care, the risk of being infected with pneumococcal bacteria may be twice as high.

You can reduce the risk for your baby by having them vaccinated with PREVNAR 20®—which helps provide protection against 20 strains of the bacteria that cause IPD.

Why are young children at greater risk for IPD?
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The bacteria that cause IPD are most commonly found in children under 5 years old. Up to 64% of these children carry pneumococcal bacteria in their nose and throat, causing the risk of infection to become higher.

Vaccines help protect babies

As a parent, you do everything you can to help protect your child. Vaccination helps protect your baby against potentially serious diseases.

Vaccines have helped make certain diseases that were once widespread—such as smallpox, polio, diphtheria, measles, mumps, and rubella—feel like a distant memory. But these childhood diseases will only stay controlled if most children are vaccinated.

Should an outbreak happen, babies who haven’t gotten all their vaccinations are at higher risk of getting a disease that, in serious cases, could lead to a hospital stay, disability, or even death.

Currently, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that children get vaccinated against 15 diseases by the age of 2 years. Visit the CDC to check which vaccinations your child needs* or to learn more about how vaccines can help prevent disease.*

* This website is neither owned nor controlled by Pfizer. Pfizer does not endorse and is not responsible for the content or services of this site.

Help protect your baby from the chance for possible serious effects from IPD. Talk to your baby’s doctor about PREVNAR 20.

Learn more about PREVNAR 20